Evidence has shown that children facing deprivations such as rights to nutrition, healthcare, education, water, sanitation, adequate housing, and information account for 54 % in Nigeria. 

This situation of child deprivation has contributed to a  multidimensionally poor state for children bringing to these three reports: The Situation Analysis of Children in Nigeria, the Multidimensional Child Poverty Analysis in Nigeria, and Monetary Child Poverty in Nigeria prepared and launched by the Vice President of the Federal Republic Nigeria Prof. Yemi Osinbaj

o through the Ministry of Budget and National Planning in collaboration with UNICEF.

According to a statement signed by the UNICEF communication officer Anike Alli-Hakeem on 27th May 2022, it said “Multidimensional poverty in children is more prevalent in the rural (65.7 %) than urban areas (28.4 %). There are also high state disparities ranging from 14.5 % (Lagos) to 81.5 % (Sokoto).

The monetary child poverty report shows that 47.4 % of children face monetary poverty by living in households with an expenditure of less than N 376.5 a day – the national poverty line. Slight differences are observed between boys (47.98 %) and girls (46.8 %) while there are high geographical and state disparities (from 6.5% in Lagos to 91.4% in Sokoto).

“In Nigeria, according to the report, 24.56% of children face extreme poverty by living in households that spend less than $1.90 a day.

“The analysis indicates that the country would need as roughly as 1 trillion nairas to lift children out of poverty.

“The Situation Analysis indicates that child poverty rate is highest among children aged 16– 17 years and least among children aged 0–5 years. It notes that children are most affected by poverty because they are   vulnerable and that poverty has long-term impacts on the well-being of children, even into adulthood.”

UNICEF Representative in Nigeria Peter Hawkins said “Data is critical for effective budgeting and decision making – and the data from these surveys together paint a picture of the situation for children and families in Nigeria, “We still have a long way to go towards ensuring the well-being of children and families in Nigeria, with persistent multi-dimensional poverty being a crucial obstacle. The findings of these reports will help guide the federal and state governments as they plan their budgets – providing evidence for where more funds need to be allocated and wisely spent.”

The statement further reviewed that the analysis of the reports calls for improved social protection measures to ensure that children are protected from risks, along with an expansion of access to much-needed social services. Whether looking at poverty from a monetary or non-monetary point of view, children are more likely to live in poverty than other groups.

“It is clear that we need to pay special attention to planning and programming for children, based on the policy recommendations and calls to action contained in the reports,” Peter Hawkins noted. “The data they provide offer a clear direction and key actions necessary for the realization of children’s rights in Nigeria.”


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